This GCHQ report dated 3 February 2011 and written by a seconded NSA staff member, alludes to the agencies’ capabilities against 13 models of firewalls produced by Juniper Networks, Inc: see the Intercept article NSA Helped British Spies Find Security Holes In Juniper Firewalls, 23 December 2015.
Laura Poitras’ documentary about Edward Snowden, CITIZENFOUR, was awarded an Oscar at the Academy Awards ceremony in Los Angeles on 22 February 2014.
In her acceptance speech, standing alongside Glenn Greenwald and Edward Snowden’s girlfriend Lindsay Mills, Laura Poitras paid tribute to Edward Snowden:
The disclosures that Edward Snowden revealed don’t only expose the threat to our privacy but to our democracy itself. When the most important decisions being made that affect all of us are being made in secret, we lose our ability to control. Thank you to Edward Snowden for his courage and to the many other whistleblowers. I share this with Glenn Greenwald and the other journalists that are exposing truth.
Snowden himself released a statement via the ACLU:
When Laura Poitras asked me if she could film our encounters, I was extremely reluctant. I’m grateful that I allowed her to persuade me. The result is a brave and brilliant film that deserves the honor and recognition it has received. My hope is that this award will encourage more people to see the film and be inspired by its message that ordinary citizens, working together, can change the world.
Courage, the organisation that runs Edward Snowden’s defence fund and this website, also released a statement, which emphasises the “dangerous gap in protections for whistleblowers” demonstrated in the film.
The Courage Foundation is delighted that CITIZENFOUR has been awarded the Oscar for the Best Documentary Feature of 2014.
The film shows that after journalists left Edward Snowden in Hong Kong, awaiting the United States’ charges and extradition request, Snowden relied on WikiLeaks to secure him asylum. As Laura Poitras’ film depicts, Snowden is now safe, living comfortably with his girlfriend in Moscow, but the film demonstrates the dangerous gap in protections for whistleblowers. WikiLeaks’ rescue – and the need it demonstrated – was the inception of Courage, devoted to providing protections, defence and safety nets for whistleblowers in the highest-risk situations, when others can’t or won’t help.
Courage, which hosts Edward Snowden’s only official defence fund, is establishing international networks ready to provide future Snowdens with logistical and legal help, in addition to assisting journalistic sources at risk before the investigation stage. But we need your help. Fighting legal battles against the most powerful governments in the world is expensive, yet essential. Courage’s Acting Director Sarah Harrison said: “Governments are ramping up their efforts to persecute those who expose the truth, and we must do the same if we’re going to keep our truth-tellers safe. Donate to Courage to ensure we are there when we are needed most.”
This undated presentation from NSA’s Network Analysis Center describes agency techniques for overcoming Virtual Private Networks (VPNs): see the Der Spiegel story Prying Eyes: Inside the NSA’s War on Internet Security, 28 December 2014.
The Hong Kong rally for Edward Snowden of 15 June was one of the most highly organised and widely publicised. It brought support from 27 organisations including: Civil Human Rights Front, Defend HK Freedom, Democratic Party, Hong Kong Civil Liberties Union, Hong Kong First, Hong Kong Professional Teachers Union, Hong Kong Women’s Worker Association, Hong Wrong, Labour Party, Land Justice League, League of Social Democrats, Speak for Humanity, Student Union of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, The Neighbourhood and Worker’s Service Centre, and Youth Union.
The same day, before the main rally began, eight members of the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong marched on the US consulate to demand the US explain their hacking of Hong Kong and Chinese computer systems. They left a petition saying the US should immediately destroy all information obtained without the public’s knowledge.