Courage our network

STELLARWIND classification guide

This classification guide from 2009 describes different elements of the Bush-era warrantless wiretapping programme. In particular, the guide casts light on the FISA Court’s permissive “Large Content” orders of January 2007. The revision of these expansive court orders in April that year led to the formulation of the August 2007 Protect America Act: see the New York Times article How a Court Secretly Evolved, Extending U.S. Spies’ Reach, 12 March 2014.

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